13:2 – Summer 1989

Political Culture and National Development
Howard J. Wiarda

Development in Africa: A Cultural Perspective
Elliott P. Skinner

Culture and Development: Veiled Apologetic or an Effort at Social Reconstruction of Economic and Political Change?
Irene Gendzier

The “Protestant Ethic” Revisited: A Twentieth Century Look
James Bradford De Long

Cultural Obstacles to Progress in the Third World – And at Home
Lawrence E. Harrison

Putting the Culture Back into Development
Mary Packard-Winkler

The Burma Road to Poverty: A Socio-Political Analysis
Mya Maung

Television in the Chilean Plebiscite of 1988
Peter A. Quilter
With the recent departure of Paraguay’s General Alfredo Stroessner, Chile’s Augusto Pinochet is the only remaining political strongman in South America. Even in Chile today, political forces are negotiating a transition to a more pluralist society. Perhaps the event most responsible for this movement is the Chilean plebiscite of October 1988. Peter Quilter takes us back to the month preceding the vote, and focuses on the role of television in a curiously restrained political environment. The story of those twenty- eight days gives us much insight into the nature of Chilean society under military rule, and importantly, what awaits it in the future. This is the story of the brief appearance of opposition advertisements on television, and the impact it had on the Chilean plebiscite.

Gray Market Controversies: The 1980s and Beyond
Seth E. Lipner
Gray market goods are genuine trademarked goods, imported without the permission of the local trademark owner. These goods are manufactured by a trademark owner or authorized representative abroad and usually are similar in quality to their authorized counterparts. While much has been written about the world gray market, most articles deal in generalities, anecdotes, and doctrine, as opposed to facts about actual gray market channels. Seth E. Lipner explores what recent court cases, including a US Supreme Court decision, have revealed about the gray market business, and he discusses the international ramifications and legal issues behind those decisions.

Guatemalan Refugees in Mexico: International Legal Standards
Fernando M. Olguin
It is estimated that some 200,000 Guatemalan refugees are living in Mexico. These refugees constitute only part of a swelling worldwide refugee population, many of whom are without legal protection. In Mexico the problem has become particularly acute. Fernando M. Olguin examines how the Mexican government is dealing with its Guatemalan refugees with respect to basic customary law and international legal standards. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees is the recognized authority in refugee law and plays a major role in providing the day-to-day assistance in refugee camps, which Mr. Olguin describes in detail. The doctrines of asylum, non-refoulement, and temporary refuge are also discussed, and the article concludes by considering voluntary repatriation as a viable option.

Korean Reunification
Charles S. Lee
Conventional wisdom, both Korean and non-Korean, assumes the division of this strategic peninsula to be temporary. Officially, the Korean War still has not ended but is in a state of armistice. Popular belief also accepts as true that the greatest obstacles to Korean reunification are the East-West rivalry and the balance of power in the North Pacific. Charles S. Lee, however, argues that domestic conditions in North and South Korea actually present the more serious hurdle- a hurdle unlikely to be disposed of too quickly.

 Can America Police the World?
Alfred P. Rubin
A Lebanese terrorist was recently convicted in a US court for hijacking a Jordanian airliner. Although the Americans on board the plane were unharmed, the FBI orchestrated an elaborate maneuver and captured the terrorist on board a Cypriot vessel in international waters. Alfred P. Rubin argues that such an extraterritorial application of US criminal law was a serious mistake, violating international law. He maintains that the international political implications of such legal maneuverings are more important than the arrest or conviction of a single terrorist.

Book Reviews

Review Essay: The Southern Mind in American Diplomacy

Waging Peace & War: Dean Rusk in the Truman, Kennedy, and Johnson Years
by Thomas J. Schoenbaum

States and Markets
by Susan Strange

Male Fantasies, Volume 2. Male Bodies: Psychoanalyzing the White Terror
by Klaus Theweleit

The Politics of Military Rule in Brazil, 1964-85
by Thomas E. Skidmore

China’s Unresolved Issues: Politics, Development, and Culture
by Suzanne Ogden

The Crisis of Marxist Ideology in Eastern Europe: The Poverty of Utopia
by Vladimir Tismaneanu

International Law and the Use of Force by National Liberation Movements
by Heather Wilson

Mirror in the Shrine: American Encounters with Meiji Japan
by Robert A. Rosenstone

Crisis in Central America: Regional Dynamics and the U.S. Policy in the 1980s
by Nora Hamilton, Jeffrey A. Frieden, Linda Fuller, and Manuel Pastor

The Cuban Missle Crisis of 1962: Needless or Necessary
by William J. Medland

United Nations, Divided World: The UN’s Role in International Relations
by Adam Roberts and Benedict Kingsbury

Egypt From Nasser to Mubarak: A Flawed Revolution
by Anthony McDermott

The Great U-Turn: Corporate Restructuring and the Polarizing of America
by Bennett Harrison and Barry Bluestone

Mrs. Thatcher’s Revolution: The Ending of the Socialist Era
by Peter Jenkins

U.S.-Soviet Security Cooperation: Achievements, Failures, Lessons
by Alexander L. George, Philip J. Farley, Alexander Dallin

Trading Places: How We Allowed Japan to Take the Lead
by Clyde V. Prestowitz, Jr.

Women, Human Settlements, and Housing
by Caroline O.N. Moser and Linda Peake

Politics in the United Nations System
by Lawrence Finkelstein

Cold Will: The Defense of Finland
by Tomas Ries

Meeting the Communist Threat: Truman to Reagan
by Thomas G. Paterson

Pax Atomica: The Nuclear Defense Debate in West Germany During the Adenauer Era
by Marc Cioc

14:1 – Winter 1990

13:1 – Winter 1989