20:2 – Summer/Fall 1996


International Migration: Global Trends and National Responses
Sharon Stanton Russell
After decades as a subject of peripheral interest, migration has recently been elevated to the level of “high politics.” Sharon Stanton Russell explores current migratory trends, the forces driving them, and various state responses.

A Security Perspective on International Migration
Myron Weiner
Migratory flows, which are often the result of deliberate state policies, can create conflicts within and between states. Myron Weiner examines migration as a threat to the security and stability of both sending and receiving countries.

Citizenship and Incorporation: How Nation-States Respond to the Challenges of Migration
Sarah V. Wayland
Increasingly, transnational migration is placing the modem nation-state under pressure. Many societies are struggling with incorporating new cultures while maintaining national cohesion. States’ responses to this challenge are based largely on their different political cultures and concepts of nationhood.

Mexican Immigration to the United States After NAFTA
Monica L. Heppel and Luis R. Torres
Migration between Mexico and the United States affects and is affected by political and economic conditions in both countries. The interdependent causes of this migration must be recognized and cooperation between the two countries must be increased in order to properly manage legal and illegal migration.

U.S. Refugee Policy in the Caribbean: No Bridge Over Troubled Waters
Bill Frelick
Despite recent changes by the Clinton administration, U.S. refugee policy in the Caribbean remains riddled with preconceptions. We must accord fair and equal refugee screening procedures to all persons fleeing while paying greater attention to political and economic conditions in their countries of origin.

Forced Migration in Europe
Arthur C. Helton and Pamela Birchenough
Europe’s “asylum crisis” is caused by governmental noncompliance with international standards, not the arrival of huge numbers of asylum seekers. A comprehensive, coordinated system for managing European migration must be developed.

Revolution and Refugees: The Hungarian Revolution of 1956
The 1956 Hungarian Revolution produced 200,000 refugees. Interviews with four who escaped paint a vivid picture of how people cope with being suddenly forced from home and country by events beyond their control.


Political Islam and U.S. Foreign Policy
John L. Esposito
Too long stereotyped by headline events such as hijackings and bombings, Islamists are often perceived by the West as a monolithic threat. Unless we understand the nature of political Islam and make an effort to distinguish between radical and moderate Islamic movements, we risk creating the very situation we fear.

Group Rights Defuse Tensions
Csaba K. Zoltani and Frank Koszorus, Jr. 
Individual-based human rights standards do not adequately protect the cultural and communal rights of groups. Although group and minority rights are seldom recognized, they are the best vehicle for promoting peace in multiethnic regimes.

The Importance of Political Parties in South Africa
Lisa M. Gonzalez
Despite Nelson Mandela’s election as president, South African democracy has a long way to go. Liberation movements must transform themselves into accountable, viable political parties, and ANC dominance must be challenged.

U.S. Public Opinion and the Intervention in Somalia: Lessons for the Future of Military-Humanitarian Interventions
Carolyn J. Logan
Partly as a result of our experience in Somalia, U.S. policymakers now are hesitant to become involved in foreign conflicts. An isolationist attitude, however, neither accurately represents U.S. public opinion nor benefits long-term U.S. interests.

Book Reviews
The Cold War and After: Prospects for Peace
by Sean M. Lynn-Jones and Steven E. Miller, editors

U.N. Peacekeeping: Japanese and American Perspectives
by Selig S. Harrison and Masashi Nishihara, editors

The New Sovereignty: Compliance with International Regulatory Agreements
by Abram Chayes and Antonia Handler Chayes

Security and Sacrifice: Isolation, Intervention and American Foreign Policy
by Elliot Abrams

A Concise History of the Middle East
by Arthur Goldschmidt, Jr.


21:2 – Summer/Fall 1997

20:1 – Winter/Spring 1996