22:2 – Summer/Fall 1998


Global Order and the Privatization of Security
Herbert M. Howe
Dramatic growth in private security could threaten global order with military force that is less accountable and controllable than state militaries.

Mercenaries and the Privatization of Warfare
Dino Kritsiotis
The security and defense of states is not immune from the privatization juggernaut. The legality of deciding who is a mercenary for the purposes of international law poses interesting questions.

Caspian Oil: The Role of Private Corporations
Jean-Christophe Peuch
The Kremlin’s policy has, until now, prevented the successful development of Russian private energy business in the Caspian basin, while the U.S. administration has pushed the interests of major American oil corporations in the region.

Russian Privatization: Catalyst for the Elite
Virginie Coulloudon
The history of privatization in Russia is riddled with scandals: privatization influenced the creation of the present elite structure and may further transform Russian decision-making in the foreseeable future.


The New Management of Peace
David W. Bowker
Operations Under PDD-56 PDD-56, the President’s master strategy for dealing with intractable internal conflicts, codifies and institutionalizes an executive approach to complex crisis management.

Gay Rights After the Iron Curtain
Michael Jose Torra
The collapse of Communism throughout Central and Eastern Europe has led to a reorientation of these nations’ economic and political systems toward the West, marked by advances in civil liberties including the status of gay and lesbian residents.

New Directions in Refugee Protection
Colleen V. Thouez
Germany and the United States both extend temporary protection status to address migration challenges, but their usage of this provision differs considerably.

Toward the Marshall Plan: Dialogue Between the Truman Administration and the Elite Press
Stephen Halsey
Influential members of the American media opened a creative dialogue with the Truman Administration and gently prodded the State Department into a dramatic revision of American foreign policy that led to the Marshall Plan.

Pacifying Russia: International Aid and NATO Expansion
Astrid Wendlandt
NATO’s present and future expansion has served to demonstrate the extent to which it is tied to other world policy issues and how Russia’s influence over these issues has become relatively limited.

Bosnia: Working Toward Prosperity
Interviews with Johannes Preisinger & Hasan Muratovic
The German Ambassador to Bosnia Herzegovina from 1994 to 1997 and the former Prime Minister of Bosnia share their views about foreign investment and economic recovery in post-war Bosnia.

Book Reviews
Review Essay: Who Undid The Soviet Union?
by Jacek Bylica

The Wars of Eduard Shevardnadze
by Carolyn McGiffert Ekedahl and Melvin A. Goodman

Translating History: Thirty Years on the Front Lines of Diplomacy with a Top Russian Interpreter
by Igor Korchilov

My Years with Gorbachev and Shevardnadze: The Memoir of a Soviet Interpreter
by Pavel Palazchenko

Trade and Income Distribution
by William R. Cline

23:1 – Winter/Spring 1999

21:2 – Summer/Fall 1997