4:2 – Summer 1980

Development at the Grassroots: The Organizational Imperative
John Osgood Field
Increasingly, development theorists and practitioners have come to recognize that successful long-term development depends on grassroots participation by those directly affected. The difficulties of fostering this sort of participation have forced many to reexamine their expectations for rapid change in developing countries. In the following case study of a province in southern India, Professor Field looks at a successful instance of development with special emphasis on the role of food aid in promoting local projects.

Volkswagen’s Investment in the United States: A Pacesetter for Foreign Investment?
David Aviel
In April 1978, Volkswagenwerk AG began manufacturing operations in Westmoreland, Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania plant is the largest foreign automobile factory in the United States and was one of the largest direct foreign investments ($300 million) ever to be made in this country. David Aviel examines the factors leading to the investment, concentrating on the decision making process within Volkswagen and its negotiations with the host state. The Volkswagen investment is discussed with an eye toward the implications for other large foreign investments in the U.S. and the ways in which Volkswagen may be setting the pace for foreign investors.

Macroeconomic Aspects of Oil Price Increases
Robert S. Dohner
The unprecedented flow of dollars to the oil-producing countries since the 1973 oil price rises has caused major strains in the economies of the consuming countries. Numerous economists have attempted to analyze the effects, both good and bad, of energy price changes, and to propose solutions. In the following paper, Professor Dohner examines the macroeconomic consequences, concentrating on the situation in the United States, but with an analysis applicable to other industrialized countries as well.

Canada in NATO: The Perceptions of a Middle Power in Alliance
Joel J. Sokolsky
Within the NATO alliance Canada has long held an ambiguous position. Although its security is not directly threatened by the Soviet Union, Canada has chosen to adhere to an anti-Soviet military alliance. Joel Sokolsky here outlines the ups and downs of Canada’s NATO participation over the years and points out the underlying reasons for its continuing membership.

Where is the Dollar Heading?
Robert V. Roosa

The FORUM Forum
James CeaserIntra-Galactic Politics
J. Dirck StrykerBasic Human Needs and the Green Revolution
Stephen D. WrageA Moral Framework for Covert Action
Lewis Hoffacker: Ethical Challenges to the Multinational
Michael Goldberg: Risking Diversity: The Oil Opportunity in Malaysia

BOOK Reviews
Strategic Implications of the All- Volunteer Force
by Kenneth J. Coffey

An International Redistribution of Wealth and Power: A Study of the Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States
by Robert F. Meagher

Foreign Policy by Congress
by Thomas M. Franck and Edward Weisband

Nationalism in Iran
by Richard W. Cottam

Petals of Blood
by Ngugi Wa Thiong’o

5:1 – Winter 1981

4:1 – Winter 1980