41:1 - Winter 2017
The Fletcher Forum is pleased to share a sampling of articles from our latest print edition of the journal, focused on the power of innovative, cross-sector, cross-regional partnerships and cooperation. To read more, we invite you to subscribe to The Forum and thank you for your readership and support.
Bernard L. Simonin
Bernard Simonin outlines a framework for establishing strong partnerships and evaluating whether they should even be pursued in the first place. After emphasizing twelve common mistakes to which actors can fall victim when collaborating, he offers recommendations on how best to achieve stronger partnerships in the future.
STATES, INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS, & ALLIANCES
The European Union Economy, Brexit, and the Resurgence of Economic Nationalism
The recent vote by a majority of United Kingdom voters to withdraw from the European Union threatens a long process of economic integration in Europe. George Alogoskoufis reviews the evolution of the European Union over the last sixty years and discusses how some European countries have benefited from the processes of globalization, while others have been hurt. In light of these challenges, Alogoskoufis offers suggestions on how policymakers can address the concerns of those adversely affected by economic integration and respond to a resurgence of economic nationalism.
The Greek Debt Crisis, the Obama Administration, and the Evolution of the Transatlantic Relationship
Greece’s membership in the Eurozone has been a complicated one in light of the debt crisis. Sotiris Rizas evaluates this crisis from the perspective of the Obama administration’s economic policy and transatlantic ambitions, offering detailed insight into the struggles of the Euro and the European Central Bank, and the resulting implications.
The Other Side of Communication: Guardians of Global Connectivity
Ryan Wopschall discusses the technology and infrastructure that is integral to present day connectivity and communication: without submarine fiber optic cables, the world would be a very different, and disconnected place. He examines the key actors and innovations that have brought the technology to where it is today, and the international regimes that have been tasked with its protection.
U.S. Foreign Policy: Strategy & Opportunity
A Conversation with Derek Chollet
Derek Chollet discusses the Obama Administration’s foreign policy focuses and strategy. From the pivot to Asia to interagency cooperation, Mr. Chollet examines the values that drove President Obama’s foreign policy, as well as the challenges facing the next administration. He also reflects on what the President-Elect’s position within U.S. foreign policy might look like under his administration.
The Future of the Paris Agreement: Carbon Pricing as a Pathway to Climate Sustainability
William R. Moomaw and Patrick Verkooijen
As countries are sorting out the details following the Paris Agreement, it is important to evaluate what tools, with the help of the public and private sector, will be necessary or useful to mitigate the effects of and adapt to climate change. Professors William Moomaw and Patrick Verkooijen, with the help of Pulkit Aggrwal, outline the fundamentals of carbon pricing as an innovative mechanism to promote sustainability.
Power and Peril in the Asian Century: Prospects for Stability
Alongside China are several other Asian countries that show promising increases in economic size and influence over the next several decades. Sreeram Chaulia reviews a multipolar Asia and the implications of rising regional powers. He does so with a thorough examination of the region, comparing and contrasting the nuances of regional political and economic interests.
A Conversation with Marriët Schuurman
NATO Ambassador Schuurman speaks to the challenges and opportunities of integrating a gendered perspective into security operations, both militarily and institutionally, within a multilateral organization. Discussing the diversity of national perspectives member and partner states bring, Ambassador
Schuurman highlights how the Women, Peace and Security Agenda has been an area of consensus for further coordination of effort, while also reflecting that there still remain gaps between acknowledging the importance of greater gender equality and awareness in policy, and translating it into action and attitudinal shifts.
INNOVATION IN DEVELOPMENT, RIGHTS, AND HUMAN SECURITY
A Conversation with Ellen Agler
As CEO of the END Fund, Ellen Agler works with a unique group of private stakeholders to combat the seven most common Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs). Agler speaks to the partnerships she fosters between philanthropists, corporations, NGOs, and governmental entities—bringing a stronger and more efficient network of resources to bear on the eradication of NTDs across the globe. Reflecting on previous roles, Agler also identifies the powerful but often unexpected ways that public health initiatives can positively impact other efforts, such as peacebuilding and reconciliation.
A Conversation with Christina Sass
Christina Sass, the COO of Andela, a young company in Africa focused on connecting world class developers as part of a distributed workforce, discusses the human capital potential of African countries. In building Andela and accessing the untapped talent in Nigeria and Kenya, Sass explains how Andela identifies successful partnerships between the developers they have recruited and incubated, and high-growth tech companies.
A Conversation with Carrie Hessler-Radelet
Changing world dynamics have altered the thinking behind how development should be done. Peace Corps Director Carrie Hessler-Radelet discusses how the agency has remained resilient and is adapting to new insights about effective interventions. With the abundance of new opportunities for Americans to work in development abroad and stronger human capital in developing countries, Director Hessler-Radelet also examines how the Peace Corps can attract the most qualified volunteers to do meaningful work in their communities abroad.
Looking Upstream: Taking a Hybrid Approach to Prevent Violent Extremism
A Conversation with Sarah Sewall
Under Secretary of State for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights Sarah Sewall emphasizes the importance of engaging with communities on the ground to prevent violent extremism. She situates the prevention agenda within U.S. national security and discusses possible hybrid strategies to involve civilian and military efforts.
Sustainable Links: Asia’s Carbon Markets
Carbon markets are not only being explored as market-based systems to mitigate the effects of climate change, but Jackson Ewing also describes how they can provide a context for cooperation. Despite regional dynamics, the Republic of Korea, China, and Japan are collaborating in efforts to link their carbon markets, which will help reduce costs of mitigating emissions and encouraging countries to implement more ambitious climate change targets. Ewing expands upon the unique innovations of a Northeast Asian carbon market and the region’s shared commitment to sustainability.
Shaping the Arctic: The Sámi People and Parliament
As the Arctic comes to the forefront of climate, trade, and human rights discourse, it is critical to consider the perspective of native populations. In an article adapted from material from Sámi Parliament staff, and shaped by Forum staff editors Zareera Bukhari and Colin Steele, President of the Sámi Parliament in Norway Aili Keskitalo gives insight into the Sámi people and their importance in discussions surrounding the future of the Arctic.