Founded in 1975 and published biannually, The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs is the student-managed foreign policy journal at The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. The publication provides a broad, interdisciplinary platform for analysis of legal, political, economic, environmental, and diplomatic issues in international affairs.
The editorial board of The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs believes that the publication’s audience values and expects the inclusion of conflicting viewpoints. The publication’s title, The Forum, suggests a public meeting place for open discussion.
In this spirit, The Forum website hosts online-only articles by a wider range of authors and allows authors and readers to engage in dialogue through comments on articles. The Forum is a place for open professional exchanges across institutions and continents. We welcome participation by academics, practitioners, and students from across the globe.
The views and opinions expressed in the journal and on our website are solely those of individual authors and should not be regarded as reflecting any official opinion or position of The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, Tufts University, or its faculty. Further, the ideas expressed in Fletcher Forum articles should not be presumed to reflect the positions and/or ideas of the authors' employers, unless otherwise noted.
Elissa is a second-year MALD candidate studying International Security Studies and International Organizations. She is a Nonresident Fellow at the Atlantic Council's Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East, where she focuses on North Africa research. This past summer, she worked on North Africa policy at the Department of Defense. Prior to Fletcher, Elissa was an Assistant Director at the Hariri Center. Elissa holds a B.A. in International Relations from Tufts University.
Matt is a second-year MALD candidate concentrating in Political Economy and Development Economics. Prior to joining Fletcher, Matt worked as a paralegal in a telecommunications law practice in DC. Last summer, Matt worked in Liberia as a Summer Communications Support Associate with Tetra Tech’s Land Governance Support Activity, a USAID project. Originally from New England, he did his undergraduate studies at Georgetown University.
Rudrali is an LLM student focusing on Investment Arbitration and Law and Development. She graduated from Amity Law School, India in 2018. She heads a non-profit organization - Sai Foundation - which works towards improving access to healthcare and education for women and girls in India.
Achintya is a first-year MALD candidate concentrating on Development Economics, International Finance and Politics. Prior to joining Fletcher, Achintya worked as a strategy consultant with KPMG Advisory India. He was part of the Strategy & Operations Management Consulting team, tasked with consulting top Indian and Fortune 500 companies on business development and corporate strategy. Originally from New Delhi, India, he completed his undergraduate studies at the University of Minnesota – Twin Cities with degrees in Economics and Finance.
Bo is a second-year MALD candidate concentrating in International Security Studies and Political Systems and Theories. Before coming to Fletcher, he taught U.S. and World History at a high school in Hollywood, CA. Bo grew up in Wallingford, CT, and graduated from Princeton University with a B.A. in History and Near Eastern Studies.
Sarah is a second-year MALD student focusing on Human Security and Public International Law, uniting these interests through her involvement as the president of the Fletcher Initiative on Religion, Law & Diplomacy. Prior to Fletcher, she was working in organizational management and strategic planning at the U.S. State Department in Washington, DC. Sarah is a native of Erie, Pennsylvania and holds a B.A. in International Relations from Tufts University.
Emma is a second-year MALD candidate studying international communication, strategic management, and security studies. Prior to attending Fletcher, she spent four years working at the U.S. Department of State in Washington, D.C. on public diplomacy and human rights programs. Emma spent her summer back in Washington, D.C. where she worked on business and human rights issues (namely freedom of expression online and privacy) as a Google Policy Fellow at the Global Network Initiative. Emma grew up in Northern Virginia and holds a B.A. in Foreign Affairs from the University of Virginia.
Matt is a second-year MALD candidate studying Human Security and Development Economics. Prior to Fletcher, he was a member of the resource development team at CARE, an international non-governmental organization focused on poverty alleviation, based at their U.S. headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia. He holds a B.S. in Biology from Emory University.
Evan is a first-year MALD candidate studying International Security and Comparative Politics with a regional concentration in Europe and Turkey. Prior to Fletcher, he worked in the educational sector in Chile, Spain, and Turkey. Evan is a native of California and holds a B.A. in Political Science from the University of California Santa Barbara.
Josh is a first-year MALD candidate concentrating in International Security Studies and International Negotiation & Conflict Resolution. Prior to Fletcher, he worked at the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) for three years. Josh is from Westchester, New York and holds a B.A. in Hebrew & Judaic Studies and Journalism from New York University.
Shashank is a first year MALD candidate studying International Security Studies and a self designed field of study in Technology and International Relations. Prior to joining Fletcher, he worked with the New Delhi office of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he researched on the geo-strategic impact of new technologies. Shashank is a native of India and holds a B.A.LLB (Hons) from the National Law School of India University, Bangalore.
Max is a first year MALD candidate concentrating in International Security Studies with a focus on American foreign policy, diplomacy, and the intersection of business and government. Before coming to Fletcher, he worked as a Project Analyst at Mintz Levin and for ML Strategies, a government relations and consulting firm, focusing on state and local public policy issues in Massachusetts. Max grew up in the Boston area and earned a B.A. in International Relations from Tufts University.
Ben is a first-year MALD candidate concentrating in Development Economics and International Trade and Commercial Policies. Prior to Fletcher, he taught English to nursing students at a university in Leogane, Haiti for a year. Before that, he worked at a law firm in Boston for three years as a paralegal on the business immigration team. Ben graduated from Bates College with a B.A. in History.
Kartik is an LLM Candidate focusing on International Organisations, Public International Law and Cultural Heritage Law. Before coming to Fletcher, he interned at the International Law Commission. Kartik graduated from the National Law University, Delhi with a BA LLB (Hons) Degree and is a native of India.
Nathan is a first-year MALD studying International Organizations, International Negotiation and Conflict Resolution, and Economic Development. Prior to Fletcher, Nathan worked in several roles across the public, nonprofit, and private sectors, most recently for a law firm in his hometown of Richmond, Virginia. He hopes to use his studies at Fletcher to work in peace-building in post-conflict developing countries. Nathan holds B.A.’s in both International Relations and Music from Wheaton College (IL).
Latifah is a second-year MALD candidate focusing on Political Systems and Theories, International Information and Communication, and Human Security. Prior to attending Fletcher, she was a researcher at the Institute of Strategic and International Studies (ISIS) Malaysia. Latifah is originally from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and holds a B.A. in International Relations from Boston University.
Markian Kuzmowycz is a second-year MALD candidate studying International Political Economy and a regional concentration of Eastern Europe. Prior to enrolling at Fletcher, Markian worked in economic development consulting and finance for an e-commerce startup. He has also served as an international election monitor for two Ukrainian elections. Markian graduated from McGill University with a BA in Economics and Geography.
Chloe is a second-year MALD candidate concentrating in International Security Studies and Gender Analysis in International Affairs. Prior to Fletcher, she worked as an English teacher in central France for a year, followed by two years as an automotive data analyst. Originating from metro Detroit, Chloe holds a B.A. from the University of Michigan in French.
Britta is a second-year MALD student focusing on International Negotiation and Conflict Resolution as it pertains to U.S. policy towards Latin America. Before coming to Fletcher, she spent a year teaching English and writing for local blogs in Buenos Aires, Argentina. She holds a B.A. in International Studies from the University of Michigan, where she also worked on the development campaign team.
Lauren is a second-year MALD candidate focusing on International Security Studies and Human Security. Prior to Fletcher, she was the Director of Academic Affairs at the Israeli Consulate in Chicago and worked to establish strong relations between American and Israeli universities. Lauren is a native of the Chicagoland area, and graduated from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign with a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science.
Lukas is a first-year MALD candidate pursuing a focus in International Security Studies and International Information and Communication. Prior to Fletcher, he worked as a consultant for both PricewaterhouseCoopers and the US Department of Defense. Lukas holds a B.A. in History from Washington University in St. Louis and a commission as an officer in the US Army Reserves where he still serves today.
Samantha is a first-year MALD candidate focusing on International Negotiation and Conflict Resolution and Humanitarian Studies. Before arriving at Fletcher, she worked in program management at a nonprofit in Oklahoma. Samantha holds a B.A. in International Studies and Japanese Studies from Emory University.
Nick is a first-year MALD candidate focusing on Political Economy and Comparative Politics. Before Fletcher, he worked in London for two years at Morgan Stanley, the investment bank, as a global equity sales and research analyst. Hailing from Winchester, UK, he graduated from the University of Oxford with a B.A. in Philosophy, Politics & Economics.
Siobhan is a first-year MALD student concentrating in Public International Law and Russia and Eastern Europe. From 2008-2014, she represented Ukraine as an elite-level ice dancer, ultimately competing in the 2014 Winter Olympics. After retiring from competitive skating, she attended Thomas Aquinas College, where she earned her BA in Liberal Arts.
Madison Chapman is a MALD candidate at The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, studying Development Economics. She most recently served as a Fulbright ETA in Madrid, Spain, where she also conducted research and helped to resettle refugee women and LGBTQI+ migrants with local NGO, ONG Rescate. She has formerly worked with Human Rights Watch, PeaceWomen, and the East Bay Community Law Center on migration and gender research, and is focused on gender-responsive asylum law and resettlement policy.
Dan is a first-year MATA candidate studying International Organizations and Public Diplomacy through the lens of the transatlantic relationship. Prior to joining Fletcher, he worked in corporate communications at a PR agency in Manhattan where he focused on coordinating media relations and building executive eminence. Dan is from the New Jersey shore and holds a BA in International Studies and Geography from the University of Richmond.
Laura is a first-year MALD candidate studying forced migration, international organizations, and humanitarian aid. Prior to Fletcher, Laura worked at an ed-tech start-up in Cambridge creating educational materials for English language learners in Latin America. Prior to that, Laura studied and taught English in Istanbul for a year. She graduated from UMass Amherst with a B.A. in Political Science and English.
Fatima is a first-year MALD candidate studying Political Systems and Theories and International Security Studies. Before coming to Fletcher, she worked as a producer in digital media with a focus on the Middle East and North Africa. She has also worked in think tanks and research institutes in Europe and Turkey focused on MENA affairs, conflict, and foreign policy. A native of Cambridge, MA, she studied at Georgetown University and KU Leuven, and graduated from Istanbul Şehir University with a B.A. in Political Science and International Relations.
Courtney is a second-year MALD candidate studying International Security Studies and International Negotiation and Conflict Resolution. During the summer, she worked with the UNDP Regional Bureau for Arab States in Amman, Jordan, focusing on conflict prevention. Prior to Fletcher, Courtney was a member of the policy team at the United Nations Foundation in New York City, where she focused on sustainable development and UN reform. She holds a B.A. in Political Science and Anthropology from Vanderbilt University.
Annalise is a first-year MALD studying International Security Studies and International Negotiation and Conflict Resolution. Before Fletcher she worked as a Research Associate for the Wilson Sheehan Lab for Economic Opportunities (LEO) where she conducted economic impact evaluations on anti-poverty programs in the United States. Annalise is from Charlotte, North Carolina and holds a B.A. in International Economics with a French concentration from the University of Notre Dame.
Maria is a second-year MALD candidate focusing on International Security Studies and International Negotiation and Conflict Resolution. Prior to Fletcher, Maria was working in Washington, D.C. as the communications director at Foreign Policy magazine. In this role, she implemented and oversaw FP’s strategic communications efforts for both the editorial and business divisions of the organization. Originally from Seattle, Maria holds a B.A. in International Relations from the University of Denver.
Shawn is a first-year MIB candidate studying Marketing and International Political Economy. Before coming to Fletcher, he was a PR and digital marketing strategist and founded a nonprofit raising awareness of the Sikh religion in America. He also hosts a podcast, Sikh Meets World, that interviews prominent Sikhs in various professions to learn their stories and share advice. He graduated from Virginia Tech, where he was the Editor and Featured Columnist of the Collegiate Times’ Opinion Section.
Alexander is a first year MD/MA in International Relations dual-degree candidate at Tufts. Prior to attending Fletcher, he worked with a research group at the University of Pennsylvania developing best practices for community health worker programs. Originally from Atlanta, he graduated with an BA in Biochemistry and Government & Legal Studies from Bowdoin College, where he was involved with the campus radio station WBOR.