Founded in 1975 and published biannually, The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs is the student-managed foreign policy journal at The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. The publication provides a broad, interdisciplinary platform for analysis of legal, political, economic, environmental, and diplomatic issues in international affairs.
The editorial board of The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs believes that the publication’s audience values and expects the inclusion of conflicting viewpoints. The publication’s title, The Forum, suggests a public meeting place for open discussion.
In this spirit, The Forum website hosts online-only articles by a wider range of authors and allows authors and readers to engage in dialogue through comments on articles. The Forum is a place for open professional exchanges across institutions and continents. We welcome participation by academics, practitioners, and students from across the globe.
The views and opinions expressed in the journal are solely those of individual authors and should not be regarded as reflecting any official opinion or position of The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, Tufts University, or its faculty.
The ideas expressed in the articles posted on The Fletcher Forum are solely those of the authors and do not in any way reflect the positions and/or ideas of their respective employers, unless otherwise noted. The Fletcher Forum does not endorse the views or opinions of the articles published on our website.
Emily is a second-year MALD candidate concentrating in development economics and international security studies. A native of New York, she came to Fletcher after working in Washington, D.C. for four years, first on Capitol Hill and then for a NGO advocating for funding for U.S. foreign assistance programs. Emily holds a B.A. with a major in European Studies and minor in Music from Vanderbilt University.
Stephen is a second-year Master of Law & Diplomacy candidate concentrating in security studies and international business relations, with a regional focus on Africa, particularly in areas where borders divide linguistic populations. Previously, Stephen worked in Senegal and The Gambia for an NGO’s monitoring and evaluation team, and later with the Africa and Latin America programs of a global reproductive rights advocacy organization. This past summer, he interned with the Institute for Security Studies in Pretoria. Stephen holds a B.A. in African Studies and French Language & Literature from Boston University. He speaks French, Spanish, Wolof, Modern Standard Arabic, and is proficient in Portuguese.
Tom is a first-year MALD candidate concentrating in Business and International Environmental Resource Policy. Prior to becoming a student, Tom worked at Tufts University with Fletcher’s Global Master of Arts Program and helped develop international executive education programs. He also worked as a Research Associate for an environmental NGO in Philadelphia. Originally from Pennsylvania, he did his undergraduate studies at Dickinson College and holds a B.A. in Political Science and French.
Maria is a first-year MALD candidate focusing on human security, gender, and international education. After serving as a AmeriCorps member in Austin, TX after college, she moved to Washington, DC where she started working as a Program Coordinator at World Leadership School and currently serves as the Director of Programs. Maria graduated with a BA in international relations from the Saint Joseph's University (Philadelphia, PA) in 2012.
Sydney is a second-year MALD candidate focused on development economics and international environment and resource policy. Prior to Fletcher, she was in Indonesia working at a public health clinic and as a Fulbright-Hays Fellow. Additionally, she has worked for Congresswoman Suzan DelBene and Senator Elizabeth Warren. Sydney holds a Bachelor of Science from Northeastern University.
James is a second-year MIB candidate focusing on strategy and political economy. Originally from New Hampshire, he attended McGill University, where he studied Art History and East Asian Culture. James then moved to China, where he worked at Operation Smile, helping to coordinate medical missions that brought maxillofacial surgery to children with facial clefts. He then moved to New York, where he was a program officer at Asia Society, overseeing programming on business and policy. James speaks Mandarin and, when pressed, French that is far worse than his four years in Montréal would suggest.
Flora is a second-year MALD candidate concentrating in international security studies and conflict negotiation and resolution. A Maryland native by way of Croatia, she came to The Fletcher School after working as a public opinion research analyst for various social issue organizations in Washington, D.C. Flora holds a B.A. in Political Science with minors in Democracy Studies and Religious Studies from St. Mary’s College of Maryland.
Susannah is a second-year MALD student focusing on international security studies and migration issues. Before Fletcher, Susannah worked in D.C. for three years, first at a research and advocacy organization and most recently at an international development NGO focusing on rule of law issues in the Middle East. Susannah holds a B.A. from Cornell University in Near Eastern Studies and Government.
Sherrie is a second-year MALD candidate focusing on international trade and economics. Prior to Fletcher, she worked in regulatory affairs at an international trade consulting firm that helped companies access and expand markets in the food and agricultural industries. Sherrie interned at the U.S. Trade Representative’s Office, and she holds a B.S. in Economics and a B.A. in International Studies from the University of Washington in Seattle.
Cristina is a second-year MALD focusing on conflict resolution, negotiation, and international political economy. Prior to attending Fletcher, Cristina worked as a project manager on digital library and career skills competitiveness programs for scientists and engineers in more than 10 countries. She has B.A. in Political Science and French from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and she speaks Spanish.
Pulkit is a first-year MALD candidate from India concentrating in international organizations and security studies. Prior to Fletcher, he worked as an analyst with McKinsey & Company in the high-tech and telecommunications industry verticals and then in administrative capacity at Phoenix Hospital, Panchkula. Additionally, he has volunteered with a not-for-profit organization Make A Difference, teaching and mentoring children at risk. He was selected as a Global Shaper under 30 –an initiative of the World Economic Forum– where he worked on issues related to urban mobility. Pulkit holds a B.E. in Electronics and Electrical Communication Engineering from Punjab Engineering College, Chandigarh.
Ayesha is an LLM candidate concentrating in private economic law, peace-building and entrepreneurship. Prior to Fletcher, Ayesha worked with a prominent law firm in India specializing in commercial transactions, cross-border acquisitions and foreign investments. After that Ayesha was awarded the University of Chicago's International Innovation Corps Fellowship to work with the Indian Government to build the country's nascent skill development and entrepreneurship portfolio . Ayesha holds a law degree from the National University of Juridical Sciences (NUJS)."
Paige is a first-year MALD candidate concentrating in international security studies and international negotiation and conflict resolution. Prior to The Fletcher School, she created and managed a legal clinic for survivors of intimate partner violence. Paige was a Fulbright English Teaching Assistant in Bulgaria, and holds a B.S. in Social Sciences and Global Politics from Cal Poly San Luis Obispo.
Clark is a second-year MALD candidate concentrating in international security studies, public international law, and emerging nuclear and cyber threats. Prior to Fletcher, Clark worked as a quantitative demographic data analyst at the University of Michigan. Clark holds a B.A. in Political Science and Russian, East European, and Eurasian Studies from the University of Michigan.
Zareera is a first-year MALD student studying international monetary theory and policy. She holds a BSc. In Political Science from the Lahore University of Management Sciences. Before Fletcher, she was working in the microfinance sector in Pakistan, designing policy aimed at the financial inclusion of rural farming households.
Colin Steele is a first-year MALD candidate focusing on security, sustainability, and maritime studies. Prior to Fletcher, he served as an AmeriCorps volunteer in Omak, WA and worked at Georgetown University for two and a half years. He has also been an editorial intern with War on the Rocks. He holds a BS in Foreign Service from Georgetown with a certificate in Religion, Ethics, and World Affairs.
Greg is a print staff editor with The Forum and a first-year MALD student focused on International Environment and Resource Policy. A Boston area native with a background in journalism, he has several years of experience writing and editing for both B2B and B2C audiences. Prior to coming to Fletcher, he worked at a startup venture researching IT trends and advising global industrial organizations on implementing them to improve operational efficiency, harmonize processes, and achieve greater compliance with regulations
Batul is a first year MALD student focusing on conflict resolution in the Middle East and on public and NGO management. She is particularly interested in community relations between citizens and migrant populations in the Arabian Gulf. Before coming to Fletcher, she served as Project Assistant with The en.v Initiative, a Kuwait-based non-profit organization, on issues of civil society capacity-building and youth empowerment. Batul graduated with a BA in International Relations from the American University of Kuwait in May 2016.
Joel is a first-year MALD student focusing on International Security Studies and Human Security. He worked as an AmeriCorps volunteer in New Mexico before spending a year in France as a teaching assistant. Most recently, he worked as a Crime Analyst for the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department in Las Vegas, NV. Joel holds a B.A. in Criminal Justice and a B.A. in French from the University of Nevada in Reno.
Ashley is a second-year MALD candidate specializing in international communications and business. Prior to Fletcher, Ashley worked with Meridian International Center in Washington, DC, a non-profit organization dedicated to fostering global leadership. Her roles covered external affairs, project and operations management, and support for new initiatives in India, China, the EU, and other strategic regions. Ashley holds a B.A. in International Affairs as well as a B.F.A. in Photography from the University of Georgia, and is especially interested in the strategic use of visual content in the global context.
Mattea is a second-year MALD candidate focusing on human security, conflict resolution, and forced migration. After serving as a Fulbright English Teaching Assistant in Italy after college, she worked at a refugee resettlement agency and for a public health care reform project in New York. Mattea graduated with a BA in history and anthropology from the College of the Holy Cross in 2012.
Shifa is a second-year MALD student studying to become a developmental economist. Before coming to Fletcher, she worked as a negotiator for ExxonMobil/Imperial Oil in Canada and later taught seventh grade for two years in the Teach for India program. Her editorial motivations are to make public finance and economic policy concepts more intuitive. She holds a finance degree from McGill University.
Meaghan is a second-year MALD candidate concentrating in public international law and Pacific Asia. Prior to enrolling at Fletcher, Meaghan spent a year as a Luce Scholar based in Taipei, Taiwan working on food safety and public health issues. She also spent two years in Washington, D.C. working with a collaborative problem-solving organization on diverse issues including U.S. agriculture and nutrition policy, global climate policy, and natural resource management. She holds a B.S. in Nutrition, Food Studies, and Public Health from New York University and an A.S. in Baking and Pastry Arts from Johnson & Wales University.
Johan is a second-year MALD candidate concentrating in EU-China relations, public international law, and international political economy, building upon a summer internship at the European Council on Foreign Relations. Before coming to Fletcher, Johan worked for a political research consultancy in Beijing, directed a bilingual student-run website on Chinese current affairs, and blogged about Chinese football. Originally from Cambridge, England, Johan holds a B.A. in Chinese Studies from the University of Oxford.
Louise is an LL.M. International Law candidate, concentrating in public international law, international criminal law and the intersection between law and development. Previously, Louise was based in the Middle East where she worked for an NGO designing legal aid programs in the context of the Syrian refugee crisis. She holds a BA (Hons) in Politics and Arabic from the University of Exeter and completed her law degree at City Law School in the United Kingdom. Louise speaks Swedish, English, Arabic (MSA/Levantine) and conversational French.
A first-year MALD candidate with editorial and education experience, Ezra spent seven years in Istanbul prior to enrolling at Fletcher and is interested in new paradigms for U.S.-Turkey relations. He began his career as an editorial professional and worked at a New York-based philanthropy on their public relations team prior to relocating to Istanbul, where he taught academic ESL at a university and maintained a blog about life in Turkey. Ezra is a native of Oregon and graduated from the University of Oregon with a B.A. in journalism and international studies.
Elizabeth is a first-year MALD student pursuing a dual degree in Agriculture, Food, and Environment at the Friedman School for Nutrition Policy at Tufts University. At Fletcher, she is studying international environment and resource policy and development economics. Before heading to Fletcher, she worked in Nicaragua, Colombia, DC, and New York on topics such as microfinance, supply chain policy, climate finance, public relations, and agricultural research. She holds a B.A. in International and Global Studies from Sewanee: The University of the South in Sewanee, TN and is a native of Arlington, VA.
Libby is a first-year MALD candidate specializing in international security, communications, and technology policy. Prior to Fletcher, she served as a Fulbright English Teaching Assistant in Germany and worked as a consultant for a public-sector IT organization. Libby holds a B.A. in Government and Hispanic Studies from The College of William & Mary.
Sebastián is a first-year MALD candidate concentrating in security studies and science and technology policy. Prior to coming to Fletcher, Sebastián worked in Washington D.C. for the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security of the Organization of American States, designing and implementing international security policy for Latin America and the Caribbean. Sebastián holds a B.A. in Political Science with a concentration in International Relations from Universidad de los Andes in Bogotá, Colombia
Swathi is a first-year MALD candidate focusing on human security and international political economy. Previously, she worked in India as a journalist at Scroll Media, an online news publication, and later joined the editorial desk at Reuters. She graduated from Sophia College,Mumbai with a degree in mass media.
Raunak is a first-year MALD candidate concentrating in international business and development economics. Originally from India, before joining Fletcher he worked as an International Innovation Corp Fellow, consulting the Indian government on solar powered irrigation. He also worked with the office of the Minister of State for Finance in an experiential learning lab. Raunak holds a post graduate diploma in Liberal Arts from Ashoka University and completed his Bachelors in Engineering in computer science.